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1. Steinitz 2. Lasker 3. Capablanca 4. Alekhine 5. Euwe
6. Botvinnik 7. Smyslov 8. Tal 9. Petrosian 10. Spassky
11. Fischer 12. Karpov 13. Kasparov 14. Kramnik 15. Anand
"Chess is not for weak-willed people." (W. Steinitz).
Wilhelm STEINITZ
Born: May 14, 1836 in Prague; died: August 12, 1900 in New York.
The 1-st Chess Champion of the World (1886 - 1894), the creator of a new positional school.
Steinitz
W. Steinitz got acquainted with chess at the age of 12.
1866, London. The match with Andersen - an informal World Championship Match. Steinitz won with the score of 8 : 6.
1872, London. The victory in the match with Zukertort - 9 : 3 (+ 7, - 1, = 4). The 1-st place at the International Tournament.
1872, Vienna. The 1-st prize at the International Tournament.
The World Championship Matches:
 
1886, USA The 1-st official World Championship Match Steinitz - Zukertort. The Match took place in three American cities - New York, Saint Louis, and New Orleans. Steinitz won with the score of 12.5 : 7.5 (+ 10, - 5, =5) and was proclaimed the 1-st official Chess Champion of the World.
 
1889, Havana. Steinitz - Chigorin. . The Havana Chess Club suggested organizing a new World Championship Match with someone of the strongest chess players of the world. The future opponent had to be selected by Steinitz himself. He chose Chigorin - one of the strongest chess players at the time. As a result Steinitz won the Match with the score of 10.5 : 6.5 (+ 10, - 6, = 1).
 
1890/1891, New York Steinitz - Gunsberg. Steinitz won with the score of 10.5 : 8.5 (+ 6, - 4, = 9).
 
1892, Havana. Steinitz - Chigorin. . Steinitz won again with the score of 12.5 : 10.5 (+ 10, - 8, = 5).
 
1894, New York, Philadelphia, Montreal. Steinitz - Lasker. Steinitz lost his World Champion's title to the young player with the score of 7 : 12 ( - 10, + 5, = 4).
 
1896/97, Moscow. The return match Lasker - Steinitz. . Steinitz failed to get back his Champion's title. The score was 4.5 : 12.5 (- 10, + 2, = 5).
 
Steinitz is the founder of a teaching that became the turning point in chess development. He declared the general principles of chess strategy based on the fact, that each position has its characteristic features, which must be taken into account while composing the game plan. The position evaluation - i.e. taking into account all its advantages and disadvantages - is the basis for a successful plan. Steinitz came to a conclusion, that many of the combinational attacks were successful only owing to the defence imperfection. The attack must be well-grounded, resulting from continuous accumulation of minor advantages. Steinitz established that the real value of chess pieces depends on their interaction, the position pawn framework, strong and weak fields. The Steinitz's teaching signified a fundamentally new attitude to chess struggle. Being supplemented with new ideas, even nowadays it remains the foundation of chess strategy.