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1. Steinitz 2. Lasker 3. Capablanca 4. Alekhine 5. Euwe
6. Botvinnik 7. Smyslov 8. Tal 9. Petrosian 10. Spassky
11. Fischer 12. Karpov 13. Kasparov 14. Kramnik 15. Anand
"Any chance lost by you to play better even in a drawn or hardly won game - is your defeat. That's why one must revert to his own mistakes time and again regardless of the game outcome." (G. Kasparov)".
Garry KASPAROV
Born: April 13, 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The 13-th World Champion (1985 - 2000) in the history of Chess Championships, the International Grand Master (1980), the Champion of the USSR (1981, 1988), the holder of the "Chess Oscar" prize (1982, 1983, 1985-1988, 1995, 1996, 1999).
Kasparov
Garry Kasparov has been playing chess since the age of 6. Since 1973 he has perfected his mastership at M. Botvinnik's Chess School. At 13, Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship and in 1980, at age 17, he became the world junior champion and an International Grandmaster.
In 1982 Garry Kasparov started his struggle for the World Champion's title, having won the Interzonal Chess Tournament in Moscow. In the pretenders' quarter-final match (Moscow, 1983) he defeated A. Belyavsky - 6 : 3, in the semi-final (London, 1983) - V. Korchnoi (7 : 4), and in the final (Vilnius, 1984) - Smyslov (8.5 : 4.5).
 
The World Championship Matches:
 
1984/1985, Moscow. Karpov - Kasparov. The match has proved to be the longest in the history of chess (159 days, 48 games) and, in compliance with the FIDE decision, it was discontinued - without announcing the winner - at the score of 5 : 3 (+5, -3, =40) in Karpov's favour.
 
1985, Moscow. Karpov - Kasparov. Kasparov won with the score of 13 : 11 (+ 5, - 13, = 16) and acquired the World Champion's title.
 
1986, London, Leningrad. The return match Kasparov - Karpov. Kasparov's victory with the score of 12,5 : 11,5 (+ 5, - 4, = 15).
 
1987, Seville (Spain). Kasparov - Karpov. Before the final game of the match Karpov was in the lead with a 1-point advantage. But Kasparov was able to win this game and make the score even - 12 : 12 (+ 4, - 4, = 16), what allowed him to keep the World Champion's title.
 
1990, New York, Lyons. Kasparov - Karpov. Another Kasparov's victory - 12.5 : 11.5.
 
2000, London. Kasparov - Kramnik. Kasparov lost - 6,5 : 8,5 ( + 0, - 2, = 13).
 
For Kasparov's play the following merits are typical: "dynamic thinking and richness of content" (Petrosjan); "profound strategic mastership and excellent technique" (M. Tal); "imagination and logic. In his creativity the combination of sporting and artistic aspects of chess struggle has clearly taken shape" (Smyslov); "extraordinary combinational talent, bringing him together with Alekhine himself" (Botwinnik).