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1. Steinitz 2. Lasker 3. Capablanca 4. Alekhine 5. Euwe
6. Botvinnik 7. Smyslov 8. Tal 9. Petrosian 10. Spassky
11. Fischer 12. Karpov 13. Kasparov 14. Kramnik 15. Anand
"There're many chess players, who play only to achieve a draw. But a game of chess must be offensive. One must seek the way to the victory, otherwise - what's the sense of sitting down to chess-board?" (R. Fischer)
Robert James FISCHER
Born: March 9, 1943 in Chicago, USA.
An American chess player, the 11-th World Champion (1972 - 1975) in the history of Chess Championships, the International Grandmaster (1958), the USA Champion (repeatedly, in 1957 - 1967), the holder of the "Chess Oscar" prize (1970 - 1972).
Robert Fischer learned to play chess at the age of 6. His talent for the game has shown up early: since the age of 12 Fischer played in the masters' tournaments, and at 14 he won the Junior-, the National-, and the Open Championships of the USA. At the age of 16 Robert Fischer became a chess professional.
From 1957 to 1967 Fischer has won the USA Championships 8 times; the total outcome of his contests with the strongest USA chess players is +61, -3, =26. At the age of 15 Robert Fischer - then the youngest Grandmaster in the history of chess - started his struggle for the World Champion's title. In 1970 Fischer gained a convincing victory in the interzonal chess tournament (18.5 out of 23) in Palma, Mallorca Island, then defeated M. Taimanov and B. Larsen in the pretenders' matches with the same score - 6 : 0. In the final pretenders' match (1971) Robert Fischer defeated Petrosjan (6.5 : 2.5) and gained the right to play with the World Champion - B. Spassky, having shown an unprecedented result in that competition series during his contests with the strongest chess players of the world: 85% of the total points number.
1972, Reykjavik (Iceland). The World Championship match Spassky - Fischer. Fischer's victory: 12.5 : 8.5 (+7, -3, =11). Robert Fischer became the 11-th World Champion.
Since 1972 Fischer has ceased his participation in chess competitions. On the eve of his match with A. Karpov (1975) he made a number of demands to the FIDE as to the match formula and conditions. Despite the fact that the FIDE had complied with most of his requests, Robert Fischer refused to play the match and was deprived of his World Champion's title (April 3, 1975).
Being an all-round chess player, Fischer had expertly played all stages of a chess game. His playing art was remarkable for its splendid theory resulting from Fischer's phenomenal memory and excellent analytical abilities, as well as his deep insight into the position and perfect technique.