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1. Steinitz 2. Lasker 3. Capablanca 4. Alekhine 5. Euwe
6. Botvinnik 7. Smyslov 8. Tal 9. Petrosian 10. Spassky
11. Fischer 12. Karpov 13. Kasparov 14. Kramnik 15. Anand
"By means of chess I have moulded my character." (A. Alekhine).
Alexander ALEKHINE
Born: October 31, 1892 in Moscow; died: March 24, 1946 in Ashtoryl, Portugal (but is buried in Paris).
A Russian chess player, the 4-th World Champion (1927 - 1935, 1937 - 1946), a chess theorist and literary man, the Doctor of Jurisprudence.
Alekhine
Alexander Alekhine was a hereditary nobleman by origin. He got acquainted with chess at the age of 7, but started to play seriously only at 12. Alekhine's house was reputed as a "chess" one, for the famous Moscow chess players had often gathered there.
1914 St. Petersburg. At the International Grandmasters' Tournament A. Alekhine took the 3-d place, being passed only by Lasker (then the World Champion) and Capablanca (the pretender).
 
From 1921 to 1927 Alekhine had participated in 22 tournaments. Of those tournaments 13 he won, and in 6 others took the 2-d place.
 
The World Championship Matches:
 
1927, Buenos Aires. Capablanca - Alekhine. . The score is 18.5 : 15.5 (+ 6, - 3, = 25). Alekhine became the 4-th World Champion.
 
1929, Germany, Netherlands. Alekhine - Bogolyubov. Alekhine won with the score of 15,5 : 9,5 (+ 11, - 5, = 9).
 
1934, Germany. The 2-d match Alekhine - Bogolyubov . Alekhine's victory with the score of 15,5 : 10,5 (+ 8, - 3, = 15).
 
1935, Netherlands. Alekhine - Euwe. . Alekhine lost with the score of 14.5 : 15.5 (- 9, + 8, = 13). Euwe - the 5-th World Champion.
 
1937, Netherlands. The return match Euwe - Alekhine. . Alekhine's convincing victory with the score of 15,5 : 9,5 (+ 10, - 4, = 11)
 
In 1938 - 1939 the negotiations were carried on between Alekhine and M Botwinnik as to the World Championship Match. Those negotiations were interrupted by the 2-d World War (1939 - 1945). In 1946 they resumed, but Alekhine's untimely death interfered with that match conducting. The World Champion has died undefeated.
 
Alekhine was considered as a "chess combinations genius." But his fantastic combinations rested upon strong positional basis, upon deep insight into a position.